Kite Festival is also known as Uttarayana, Makar Sankranti, Sankranthi, and Maghi. It is the festival of Hindu and it is dedicated to the Surya. On the same day, the festival of South Indian Pongal is also there.
The difference between both is that Makar Sankranti is most famous in West India, down South, and is Pongal. In the north, the festival is known as Lohri. So the festival is celebrated in different places with different names.
Makar Sankranti comes in the lunar month of Magha which is in the month of January. At the time of harvest in India and Nepal. It is the first day of the sun’s transit into Makar Rashi. Makara Sankranti is a festival of colorful decorations.
On this day deity kill the demon Sankarasur. So behind him, the festival is celebrated. So it is the date when the sun begins to move north, before Sankranti and sunshine in Southern Hemisphere. Sankranti means the migration of the sun from one Zodiac to the next. So there are 12 Sankranti in a year.
People enjoy the festival by having a delicious meal, dances, kite flying, bonfires, and feasts. Many people to have a bath in a lake or river nearby to be thankful for the lord sun. it is one of the largest mass pilgrimages with 100 million people participating in the event.
Makar Sankranti comes usually on 14 January and also sometimes on 15 January. The significance of the festival is the arrival of longer days. From this festival, winter comes to end. It is one of the largely celebrated festivals. People thank lord Sun for the success and prosperity.
In the afternoon people take their meal with their full family and celebrate the festival. On this day people eat khichdi made from different beans. Most probably people prepare this dish. People eat sugarcane, sweet from sesame, and peanut is known as Chiki and til laddoo are served in the desert.
On this day the sky appears very colorful. Because many people move towards the terrace and fly the kite. Different colors kite and with different designs are there in the sky.
But because of the carelessness of the people, the birds have to suffer as they get injured in the threads used by the people to fly kite and many birds die in this festival. Not only the bird’s many people get injured in the festival. As the threads arrive on the roads which may injure an individual.
So everyone should be careful in this festival wear a helmet without any shame to protect yourself from injury. And provide enough food and water to the birds nearby you to keep them safe and secure in this festival. Many people also set up a sound system on the terrace to have fun.
On this day people donate things to the poor people. Many people provide the grass to the cow and start their day. Kite Flying is the best and significant day for the donation to any person or animal. People show their kindness towards the animals and poor people on this day.
In Karnataka, children wear new dresses and visit their friends, relative, and family. And offers the sweet to each other. Newly married women give bananas to all people. And on this day the cows and bulls have a great sign they are decorated with different things and the procession is organizing.
People eat sweets made from sesame, sugar, or Jaggery. It symbolizes peace and joyfulness. This time is for the early stages of the Rabi Crop and the agriculture cycle. So it signifies the socializing and families enjoy each other company. On this day people take care of cattle and celebrate the bonfires in Maharashtra people fly kite and celebrate the festival.
The reason behind eating til (Seasame) and Gud (Jaggery) originates from the Maharasthian phase. It is a common thing to greet the family, friends, and guests in Maharashtra during the Sankranthi celebration. The reason is to speak sweet by eating til (Seasame) and Gud (Jaggery).
In Gujarat, it is the most important festival. It is celebrated for two days. On 14 January and 15 January. People of Gujarat eat Undhiyu and Chikkis in Uttarayan and also the people send the full meals to their daughter as per the rituals.
Pongal is also known as a multi-day harvest festival. The celebration takes place in South India by all religions. The Pongal is also celebrated on 14 January to worship the god Sun. it harvests the festival under many regional names throughout India. In South India, the festival is for 3 days. Pongal Festival is known as Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal, and Mattu Pongal.
On Bhogi people discard old belonging celebrate new possession. People set up a bonfire to burn the heap of discard. The houses are clean and paint and they decorate to give festive look.
The name of the festival Pongal means to boil or to overflow. This refers to the dish from the new harvest of rice boil in the milk with the Jaggery. And also people prepare the sweet dish and offer it to gods and goddesses. And many people also serve it to the cow as per the ritual.
After worshipping the god, goddess, and the cow people share with the family members, relatives, and friends. In the celebration, the cow is decorated with different ornaments and colorful cloths by decorating it on the horns of the cow.
Then people go to the temples and offer prayer to God for their success and wellness. Then the family gets together and exchange gifts with each other. It is to just renew the social bonding within each other.
Significantly on the festival people prepare the Pongal dish in their home. It has utilized freshly harvest rice, and it is preparing by boiling in milk and sugar cane. Other ingredients in the sweet dish are cardamom, raisins, Green Gram, and Cashew Nuts. Other ingredients of the dish are coconut and ghee.
People cook food in the clay pot that is garland with the leaves and flowers and many times people tie with a piece of turmeric root or mark pattern of artwork known as Kollam. Women get together and also prepare the cook at home or in community gatherings. It is said to be the ritual dish with other courses of seasonal food in the present time.