Voters: Importance, Awareness, Criteria and Process

“Somewhere inside of voters, there is the power to change the World.”

India is a democratic country. In India, everyone has a right to speak and fight for their justice. And every Voters has a right to vote for the desired representative at the time of Elections.


It is a process of the electorate for building the decision or a suggestion by arranging the discussion, debates, or campaigns for election. In India Members of the Lok Sabha or lower house of parliament are electing by voters which are adult citizens of India. There is a different personality from different parties and the voters have to select the correct person. Elections are held in 5 years for electing 545 members for the Lok Sabha (Lower House).

Types of Elections:

There are mainly 5 types of Elections held in India. They are Elections for Member of Parliament in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Member of State Legislative Assemblies, Member of State Legislative Councils, Members of Village Panchayats or city corporation councils, and Elections are held also when a particular constituent die, resign, or disqualifies.

Election Process:

The candidates of the election are supposed to submit the nomination form at Electoral Commission. After submitting the form list is publishing which has the list of the candidates and after publishing the list the election starts.

Now in India the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) is utilizing instead of ballot boxes for the prevention of election fraud. So this system has proven successful for voting. Voters provide their vote to the desire candidate standing in the election.

The voters are supposed to submit their election card to the respective person recruited and after recording the details the voter can give their vote to the representative. After the legal submission, the respective person puts the mark on the left index finger with the indelible ink.

The Voters Supreme Court of India has passed the judgment for the option of NOTA (None of the Above) in Election. It was established in five states. Generally, in India, the Absence Voting option is not valid. Postal Voting is available in India. It is through Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot Papers system.

In it the postal voter is valid and at the time of counting this votes are also included in it. The criteria for this type of vote is the voters must be working in Union armed force and state police and all the government employees who are abroad. These all are service voters. And also the person with a disability and above 80 years’ age can use postal vote.


Eligibility of Voters:

The voting has some essential criteria for the Voters. They are the Voter must be an Indian citizen. And also the Voters must be attaining the age of 18 years on qualifying the date of 1st January of the year. The voter must not be the ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency where the voter must be in enrollment. The voter must not be disqualified for enrollment as an elector.

How to register:

Any Indian citizen living in the country and has 18 years’ age can involve as the General Voter. For offline registration, you need to fill Form 6 in two copies. It is also free of cost registration in Electoral Registration Officers/Assistant Electoral Registration Officers and Booth Level Officers. You may also call on 1950 for any inquiry.

Importance of Voting:

Voting is done to choose the best and appropriate candidate for the nation. Because the representative will be ruling the nation for five years. And all the problems are handle by him. He/she is the representative of all the public.

In India, people are not really aware of the importance of their vote. Many people think it is a holiday, but it is not. Everyone just sits and complains about the party but no one wants to bring the change. To change the nation voting is essential and the voter must put their essential vote to the respective candidate.

In the year 2014 at the time of the Lok Sabha election 66.4 percent voter turnout in India. So approximately half of the population was not exercising the right to vote. Voters are not aware of the importance of voting.

Without voting the problems of poor, educations, waters, environment, agriculture, roads, and urban development will be not possible. Similarly, there are some problems but there are several problems arising in India that will not be concluded.

To vote is the constitutional right of every citizen. The voter plays an important role in changing the nation. Voters one vote is very important it may change the representative from one vote also.


The voters of the states have got aware of their responsibility. As a result, the number of voters reaches 3,0165,569. Out of the voters, 1.51 crore are males, 1.50 are females, and 1,628 are transgender. To the list, 2,82,497 were the new voters and 1,72,255 people were not included because of the double entries.

Nowadays voters are getting aware of their rights and the importance of voting. So now the nation is on the path of reaching the height and selecting the appropriate candidate for upbringing the nation.

Importance of Female Voters:

In the past, women were not aware of their importance of voting. And many women were not allowed to give the vote. BJP (Bhartiya Janata Party) provides the higher support for women voters comparing to men, as per the post-poll survey has the women voters casting their ballot in favor of BJP. It has 2 percent points having a higher share among the men.

And the BJP has 50 percent of women voters and 48 percent of men voters. It is all because of the development of the party. So it is generally lower support to the women voters in the parts of the country. Females bring up the future of the nation. So they are having the strength to build up the nation. So females should provide the right to vote.

Importance of Youth Voters:

Voter 1

Every youth of India coming under the criteria of Election plays a major role in the voting system. Because the youth of today is the future of tomorrow. Only the youth has the strength to make the nation develop and upbringing the nation. He/she can lead the nation in the future. So every eligible youth must put his vote to the respective representative.

Without the youth participation in the election, it is a weakening of democracy. It is because the youth contribute to democracy. Youth are aware of the issues and problems in the nation so they may raise their voice and reach a large audience as per their new thinking capacity.

In history, there were lower rates of the youth votes than the old adults. But now the time is changing. Youths are knowing their responsibilities and duties. Broadening youth voting is a vital task in strengthening democracy.


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